Kafr

Key facts

► 25 houses affected with light and/or heavy repairable damage levels (loss of the doors and windows - holes in walls and ceilings - cracks in the ceilings - collapse of main walls).

► 10 houses completely destroyed (reconstruction needed),; some owners of these houses are displaced within the village living with their relatives while some have left the village.

► 214 female head households in the village.

► Over the past 3 years, around 100 individuals have lost their lives due to shelling and conflicts.

► The majority of the village people are farmers who work on their own lands and a small number are former government workers.

100
Individuals have lost their lives due to shelling and conflicts

Kafar Halep is one of Aleppo’s villages, administratively to Samaan Mount province, Al-Atareb district, located at the intersection of the main road linked between Idlib and Aleppo cities, in the south of Al-Atareb city and in the northeast of Taftanaz.

As of March 2016, Kafar Halep faced a lot of shelling and airstrikes, and some conflicts took place around the village causing different levels of destruction.
The village has never been totally abandoned; over the past 3 years the village faced several movements of its population. Kafar Halap was also a main destination for IDPs fleeing their communities from different part of Syria (mainly Alappo and Idlep). As confirmed by the village council after the end of conflicts, the civil defense teams cleaned the village of unexploded war remnants and then allowed people to return to their homes. No recorded UXO cases so far.

As of the date of this assessment Kafr Halab has a population of more than 12,000 living in 2500 housing units. The total population includes:

> 1,650 families from Kafar Halap original population.
> 715 displaced families from several areas (mainly Aleppo city and Idlep) living in rented houses and unfinished buildings with owners’ permissions.
> There are total of 2,500 houses in Kafar Halap, and some houses accommodate more than one family due to the big number of IDPs in the village.
> 75 families (1,200 individuals) residing permanently in an informal settlement located at the village border (Kafar Halep camp).

1650
Original families

715
Internally displaced

70
Residing in informal
settlement at village border

► Infrastructures: easy access to the village through Aleppo – Idlib main road. However, some of the main streets and agricultural roads in the village are affected due to shelling and the lack of maintenance.

► Public buildings: There are 4 schools in the village (elementary, preparatory and secondary) and forth one (soft structure) for IDPs
1. Elementary school: in service, two blocks capacity of 1600 students (M&F) managed by 23 of teachers whose salaries are being paid by the Syrian government. Many parts of the school are lightly damaged, maintenances and light repairs required.
2. Preparatory school: in service, about 455 students, managed by 20 teachers, salaries paid by INGO Syria Relief. Many parts of the school are lightly damaged; maintenance and light repairs required
3. Secondary school: in service, about 275 students, managed by 11 of teachers, salaries paid by INGO Syria Relief. Many parts of the school are lightly damaged; maintenance and light repairs required
4. IDPs school; rented by the IDPs with 60-75 students; teachers are working voluntarily.

► Water and Sanitation: The village’s sewage network is in service connecting up to 70% of the village houses. However, some damage resulted due to shelling. Maintenance works needed. Some residential neighborhoods (especially in Al-Jamiia district, unfinished buildings occupied by IDPs) have no sewage network; extension works were planned prior to the conflicts and stopped after.
Although there are four boreholes in relatively good condition and ready to pump water, the village is totally dependent on water trucking. Due to the lack of necessary equipment (generator - diesel), water pumping to the village network has stopped. In addition, damage accrued to some parts of the water network. Small repairs with installation of a new water line (a main damaged line in the ‘’Mosque street’’ in the village center) and changing some valves could put the system in service again. However, the water pumping remains an issue that the community is facing due to the lack of fuel and the cost of recovery mechanism. Further discussion may take place with the community in order to finalize requirements and plans.