Bawabiya

Key facts

► 60 houses affected with light and/or heavy repairable damage levels (loss of the doors and windows - holes in walls and ceilings - cracks in the ceilings - collapse of main walls).

► 20 houses completely destroyed (reconstruction needed); some owners of these houses are displaced within the village - living with their relatives - while some have left the village.

► 40 female-head households in the village.

► The majority of the village people are farmers who work on their own lands, and a small number are former government workers.

12
Months of complete
abandonement

As of February 2016, Aleppo - Damascus international highway (M5) was a critical point for both conflicting parties (GoS and opposition armed groups); Bawabiya, with its location 1.5 km west of the M5, faced a lot of shelling and airstrikes causing multiple IDPs movement out of the village. The village was totally abandoned for 10 - 12 months.By February 2016, families started to go back to their homes. Moreover, Bawabiya became a host community hosting more than 400 IDPs.

Airstrikes and conflicts left Bawabiya with different types of destruction and with no presence of any humanitarian actor to support the community. The shelter and infrastructure conditions worsened and many families have had to leave the village seeking shelter and better livelihood conditions (especially those who have lost this homes or have lost the head of the family).

As confirmed by the village council after the end of conflicts, the civil defense teams cleaned the village of unexploded war remnants and then allowed people return to their homes. No recorded UXO cases so far.

Bawabiya has a population of more than 8,500 living in 1000 housing units. The total population includes:

> 1,100 families from Bawabiya’s original population.

> 62 displaced families (about 400 individuals), displaced from several areas, mainly the southern countryside of Aleppo, Aleppo city, Homs and Hama. IDPs are living in rented houses and unfinished buildings with owners’ permissions.

8500
Inhabitants

400
Internally displaced

770
Enrolled students

► Infrastructures: Currently Bawabiya is accessible through Aleppo - Damascus international highway M5. The village main roads are paved and in relatively good condition. However, some rubble removal work is needed in order to restore the access appropriately.
In addition, there is an agricultural road linking Bawabiya with Idlib province villages. This road is a major road for civilians and the cars they use to transport their crops and daily needs. The 1,500 metre road is heavily damaged and in need of paving and asphalting works the full length.

► Public buildings: There are 4 schools in the village (elementary, preparatory and secondary) managed by more than 40 teachers and staff. More than 50% of the teachers receive salaries from the GoS while the remainder receive their salaries from the ‘Syrian Opposition Coalition’/the temporary government:
> Elementary school; 650 students (M&F) managed by 30 teachers. The school is in good condition with a need of some light maintenance.
> Preparatory school; about 120 students, in good condition and managed by 13 teachers.
> High school; totally destroyed. The community rented a warehouse and turned it into a school in order to allow the student to continue their studies.

► Water and Sanitation: The village’s sewage network is in service connecting up to 85% of the village houses. Some sections were damaged by shelling, and maintenance is needed for some sections and pipes. The village has a borehole, and as confirmed by the village council (to be technically checked) the water network is in good condition as well as the borehole capacity. The village water tank is in service as well, and the only need is to provide the necessary equipment (switches, electric generation, electric submersible pump and accessories).